The rise of suburban poverty in the U.S. Graphic: Best MSW Programs

(Best MSW Programs) – What if I told you you were more likely to live in poverty living in the suburbs.

Suburbs: 16.5 Million Americans live under the poverty line [2]
Cities: 13.5 Million Americans live under the poverty line

And that poverty is expanding faster in the suburbs than anywhere else.

Increase since 2000:
Suburban: 139%
Urban: 50%

What sort of poverty are we talking about?

The Federal Poverty Guidelines:
An earnings scale dictating what wages are considered poverty level of below per household size.

[#household size || Federal Poverty Level][3]
1 || $11,670
2 || $15,730
3 || $19,790
4 || $23,850
5 || $27,910
6 || $31,970
7 || $36,030
8 || $40,090

Leading to:[4]

Alcohol and substance abuse
Unsafe work environments
Poor living conditions
Heightened chance of disease
Food-related illness
Shorter Lives
Shrunken Brains
Mental Illness
Anti-social behavior

Very real, crippling outcomes.
In the suburbs of nearly every city in the US.

Of 95 American metro areas, suburban poverty has only decreased in 9 areas:[1]
Syracuse, NY
Springfield, MA
Tulsa, OK
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
Bakersfield-Delano, CA
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL
Raleigh-Cary, NC

From 1970-2012

The Story: [6]

From 1910 to 1998, suburban population jumped from 12% of total population to 52%.
From 2000 forward, young professionals and empty nesters flocked back to cities.
Lower earners flocked to the suburbs.
Factors: cheaper rent. image of stable suburbs.

Many middle class Americans saw net worth plummet during the recession.

Adjusted Household Income:
2007: $55,438 (268% of Poverty Level for 4 person family).[8][9]
2013: $51,404 (215% of Poverty Level for 4 person family).[8][9]

Average Household Worth:
(Investments, cars, property, savings)[10]
2003: $87,992
2007: $98,872
2009: $70,801
2013: $56,335

Poverty in the Suburbs is harder to alleviate

With a much smaller support net.
“Work recovery” shelters, veterans housing, rental assistance, job training, computer labs, health care, food pantries are needed.

Case Studies

Atlanta[7]
1970:
Poverty rate equal in city of Atlanta and suburbs.
Today:
197 areas with 20%+ poverty
88% of the region’s poor live in the suburb.

Ferguson, MO:[5]

1980: 85% white
2000: 5% unemployment
2000: 300 Federal Housing Choice Vouchers
2010: 13%+ unemployment
2010: 800 Federal Housing Choice Vouchers
2012: 57% black

2012–
1/4 residents made less than $23,492 for a family of four.
2/5 lived within 200% of the Federal Poverty Line

The face of poverty is changing, but that doesn’t make it any less real.

Citations:

  1. http://confrontingsuburbanpoverty.org/action-toolkit/top-100-us-metros/
  2. http://time.com/3060122/poverty-america-suburbs-brookings/
  3. http://familiesusa.org/product/federal-poverty-guidelines
  4. http://www.poverties.org/effects-of-poverty.html
  5. http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/the-avenue/posts/2014/08/15-ferguson-suburban-poverty
  6. http://www.pbs.org/fmc/timeline/dsuburb.htm
  7. http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2014/05/sprawled-out-in-atlanta-106500.html#.U_pB9fmwKb4
  8. http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/07poverty.shtml
  9. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/03/29/chart-median-household-incomes-have-collapsed-during-the-recession/
  10. http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/daily-ticker/for-most-families–wealth-has-vanished-172130204.html

The Rise of Suburban Poverty

1 comments :

  1. Fetal Position said...

    Read the Bell Curve, it would do you some good.

    http://www.amazon.com/Bell-Curve-Intelligence-Structure-Paperbacks/dp/0684824299/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1416183638&sr=8-1&keywords=The+Bell+Curve  

 

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