By Jeremy Hance
8 July 2014
(mongabay.com) – In Southern Italy over the weekend, Pope Francis reiterated his view that environmental destruction constituted a sin. Visiting the largely agricultural region of Molise, the pope responded to an address by a local farmer attending university.
"I fully agree what has been said about 'safeguarding' the earth, to bear fruit without 'exploitation'. This is one of the greatest challenges of our time: conversion to a development that respects Creation," he said off-the-cuff. "In [South America], my homeland, I see many forests, which have been stripped … that becomes land that cannot be cultivated, that cannot give life."
The pope added, "This is our sin: we exploit the earth and do not let it give us what it harbors within, with the help of our cultivation."
South America has long been at the heart of global deforestation, especially in the Brazilian Amazon which has lost nearly 20 percent of its forest cover since the 1970s. In the last decade deforestation has significantly slowed in Brazil, although not stopped. Only recently has Brazil's deforestation rate been eclipsed by Indonesia, which is seeing forests fall to oil palm plantations, logging, and pulp and paper.
The pope also dubbed the relationship between the farmer and the land "a dialogue, a fruitful dialogue, a creative dialogue."
He went on, "It is this dialogue between man and his land that makes it flourish, fruitful for all of us. This is important. A good educational program does not offer easy solutions, but it helps to have a more open and creative vision to better exploit the territories resources."
This is hardly Pope Francis' first comments on the importance of environmental stewardship and the "sin" of environmental destruction. In his first homily after being elected pope in 2013, Francis I spoke of the need for Christians to act as "protectors."
"It means protecting all creation, the beauty of the created world, as the Book of Genesis tells us and as Saint Francis of Assisi showed us," the pope said. "It means respecting each of God's creatures and respecting the environment in which we live. It means protecting people, showing loving concern for each and every person, especially children, the elderly, those in need, who are often the last we think about."