Satellite view of Great Lakes ice cover on 4 March 2009. NOAA

By Deanna Conners
8 Mar 2012

Ice cover on the Great Lakes has decreased by 71% over the past four decades according to a new study published in February 2012 in the Journal of Climate.

The Great Lakes, located in eastern North America, contain about 20% of the world’s surface supply of freshwater. The ice cover that forms over the Great Lakes every winter plays a critical role in regulating water levels, structuring the lakes ecosystems and impacting the regional economies that depend on cargo shipments and hydropower generation.

In a study led by Jia Wang, an Ice Climatologist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory in Ann Arbor, Michigan, scientists investigated ice cover on the Great Lakes from 1973 to 2010. Data were obtained from NOAA’s National Ice Center and from the Canadian Ice Service. These federal agencies have been collecting data on ice cover since the 1960s through both satellite imagery and visual observations made from airplanes.

The scientists found that all of the Great Lakes have lost ice over the past 38-year period. Lake Ontario had the greatest amount of ice cover loss (88%), while Lake St. Clair lost the least amount of ice cover (38%). Overall, the total loss for Great Lakes ice cover was 71%. […]

Since 2010, ice cover on the Great Lakes has continued to be highly variable. According to data from the Canadian Ice Service, ice cover on the Great Lakes for the week of 5 March 2011 was about 36% and close to the historical average of approximately 38%. However, ice cover for the week of 5 March 2012 has been exceptionally low and only amounts to about 12%.

In fact, ice cover has been so low this year on Lake Erie that officials began removing the ice boom that prevents large chunks of ice from flowing out into the Niagara River on 28 February 2012. This is the earliest date for removal since the boom was first installed in the mid 1960s. The ice boom acts to prevent ice damage to hydropower intake equipment. Early boom removal is our harbinger of an early spring in western New York. Dare I say that I think the groundhog was wrong this year? […]

North America’s Great Lakes are losing ice



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