Sonar survey spies mysterious, 1.4-kilometer-tall feature in the depths off California

A mysterious plume, possibly a stream of ice-covered methane bubbles (inset arrow), rises about 1.4 kilometers from the seafloor off the coast of California. The plume originates in a previously unknown, amphitheater-shaped scar (main image, arrow) on the ocean bottom about 32 kilometers northwest of California’s Cape Mendocino. Credit: Gardner, et al. / Eos

By Sid Perkins

An oceanographic survey has discovered a 1,400-meter-tall plume rising from the seafloor off the coast of California. Water samples taken at the site, about 32 kilometers northwest of Cape Mendocino, indicate that the feature isn’t mineral-rich water spewing from a hydrothermal vent, but researchers aren’t yet sure exactly what the feature is made of.

The mystery plume was first spotted on sonar in the dark hours of May 17, says James V. Gardner, a marine geologist at the University of New Hampshire in Durham. At the time, no one on the deck of the vessel that discovered the plume could see if it disturbed the sea surface, he and his colleagues report in the August 11 Eos. When the vessel returned to the site about two weeks later during daylight hours, scientists hovered over the spot and lowered sensors into the 1,800-meter-deep waters to take samples. During that hours-long visit, the sea looked normal — researchers saw no bubbles, unusually colored water or other signs of irregularities.

Gardner and his colleagues suggest that the plume is made up of a stream of methane bubbles coated with a veneer of methane-rich ice. …

Bubblin’ plume via Democratic Underground

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